Paper Digital Humanities Australasia 2018

Connecting Jazz Performance Datasets using Linked Data (96)

Terhi Nurmikko-Fuller 1 , Daniel Bangert 2
  1. Australian National University, Acton, ACT, Australia
  2. Göttingen State and University Library, Göttingen, Germany

JazzCats (Jazz Collection of Aggregated Triples) is a prototype Linked Open Data (LOD) project, which connects musicological, historical, and prosopographical data. Four projects with complementary data are brought together in JazzCats: a social network connecting musicians, provided by LinkedJazz (Pattuelli, 2016); details of solos within performances (including pitch, key, and chord changes) from WJazzD (Pfleiderer, et al. 2016); Body&Soul (Bowen, 2013), a discography of over 200 recordings; and J-DISC (Hao, et al. 2016), a specialised digital library containing information about jazz recording sessions.

The underlying ontological structure (documented at includes properties and classes from other vocabularies, such as the Music Ontology (Raimond, et al. 2007), the Event Ontology (Raimond & Abdallah, 2007), FOAF (Brickley & Miller, 2014), and SKOS (Miles, et al. 2005). Publishing this data as RDF using common vocabularies and ontologies increases their discoverability and value, and enables connections with other LOD projects and datasets anywhere on the Web.

A conscious decision was made at the onset of the JazzCats development process to publish the resulting RDF, all ontological structures, and the raw data in Open and accessible formats, with appropriate licensing (Miller, et al. 2008). This allows for the replication of our workflow, verification of our findings, and reuse of any or all of the composite parts of the project.

Influenced by ongoing work at ResearchSpace (Oldman, et al. 2016), planned future developments include a user-interface that will allow users to generate ontologically valid queries using dropdown lists generated by available properties for each class. This step will further help open up JazzCats for experts and scholars along the full length of the digital humanities spectrum.

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  2. Brickley, D., and Miller, L. (2014). FOAF Vocabulary Specification 0.99. Namespace Document 14 January 2014. Paddington Edition.
  3. Hao, Y., Choi, K., & Downie, J. S. (2016, August). Exploring J-DISC: Some Preliminary Analyses. In Proceedings of the 3rd International workshop on Digital Libraries for Musicology (pp. 41-44). ACM.
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  8. Pattuelli, C. (2016). LinkedJazz Project. Available at Date last accessed: 31 Oct 2016.
  9. Pfleiderer, M., Frieler, K., Abeßer, J., Zaddach, W-G., Burkhart, B., and Bartel, F. (2016). The Jazzomat Research Project, Doc v1.0. Available at Date last accessed: 31 Oct 2016.
  10. Raimond, Y., and Abdallah, S. (2007). The Event Ontology. Technical report, Citeseer.
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